At their best they succeed in raising scary powertowers in presumptuous cities. Even in more humble surroundings their creative inclinations are suffocated by regulations, rules and standarts of safety and profit. Rationalisation, reduction and simplification became leading qualities of modern building. No wonder that idealistic students with high ambitions became cynical professionals without a conscience.
However undeniable all these negative developements may be, they cannot justify a general rejection of modern architecture as a whole, the way Spuybroek rejects 'modern' art of the 20th century as a whole. In the careers of even the most unscrupulous designers of social housing projects that had to be demolished less than half a century after delivery, exceptions can be discovered to their favour. And to maintain hope for the recovery of the profession as such. A whore can still give birth to healthy and talented children.